Yet there is a word that can describe all the land of China: the cities, the mountains, the towns, the plains, the towns, the rivers, the deserts. That word is Appeal. He completed it prior to its deadline and was thorough and informative. The very first proof of human presence in the region was found at the Zhoukoudian cavern. It is among the first known specimens of Homo erectus, now frequently referred to as the Peking Guy, approximated to have actually lived from , to , years ago China varies from mostly plateaus and mountains in the west to lower lands in the east.
Principal rivers circulation from west to east, including the Yangtze central , the Huang He Yellow river, north-central , and the Amur northeast , and often toward the south consisting of the Pearl River, Mekong River, and Brahmaputra , with the majority of Chinese rivers clearing. In the east, along the shores of the Yellow Sea and the East China Sea there are comprehensive and densely inhabited alluvial plains. On the edges of the Inner Mongolian plateau in the north, grasslands can be seen.
Southern China is controlled by hills and low range of mountains. The northwest also has high plateaus with more arid desert landscapes such as the Takla-Makan and the Gobi Desert, which has been expanding. During many dynasties, the southwestern border of China has been the high mountains and deep valleys of Yunnan, which separate modern China from Burma, Laos and Vietnam. The Paleozoic formations of China, excepting only the upper part of the Carboniferous system, are marine, while the Mesozoic and Tertiary deposits are estuarine and freshwater, or else of terrestrial origin.
Groups of volcanic cones occur in the Great Plain of north China. In the Liaodong and Shandong Peninsulas, there are basaltic plateaus. Hundreds of ethnic groups have existed in China throughout its history. The largest ethnic group in China by far is the Han. This group, however, is internally diverse and can be further divided into smaller ethnic groups that share similar traits. Over the last three millennia, many previously distinct ethnic groups in China have been Sinicized into a Han identity, which over time dramatically expanded the size of the Han population.
However, these assimilations were usually incomplete, and vestiges of indigenous language and culture still often remain in various regions of China. Because of this, many within the Han identity have maintained distinct linguistic and cultural traditions while still identifying as Han. Several ethnicities have also dramatically shaped Han culture, e. The modern term Chinese nation Zhonghua Minzu is now used to describe a notion of a Chinese nationality that transcends ethnic divisions.
China has over 50 minority groups. Each group has different languages, customs, and traditions. Gap between the Rich and the Poor. The Chinese society was structurally complex and not much is known about it. Research is still on. Life in old Chinese society on a normal working day was hard and industrious for the farmers while luxurious and laid back for nobles and merchants. There was a wide demographic gap between the farmers and kings and nobles.
The farmers were far more in population as compared to nobles. They were economically exploited and were made to work very hard. The nobles lived in luxurious palaces while the farmers in China survived in small huts. Naturally the nobles were highly regarded and lived with great riches. There are three main religions in China. They are Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism. They were suppressed by the CCP during the 20th century, but they are still alive and penetrating the minds of Chinese today.
These religions are all widespread, and aside from other world religions, they all originated in China. A number of more authoritarian strains of thought have also been influential, such as Legalism. There was often conflict between the ideas and philosophies, for example, the Song Dynasty Neo-Confucians believed Legalism departed from the original spirit of Confucianism.
Examinations and a culture of merit remain greatly valued in China today. With the rise of European economic and military power beginning in the midth century, non-Chinese systems of social and political organization gained adherents in China. In essence, the history of 20th-century China is one of experimentation with new systems of social, political, and economic organization that would allow for the reintegration of the nation in the wake of dynastic collapse.
Stratified bronze-age cultures, such as Erlitou, emerged by the third millennium BCE. Under the Shang ca. The agricultural surpluses produced by the manorial economy supported these early handicraft industries as well as urban centers and considerable armies. As the feudal system collapsed, much legislative power was transferred from the nobility to local kings.
A merchant class emerged during the Warring States Period, resulting in increased trade. The new kings established an. This new system rewarded talent over birthright; important positions were no longer occupied solely by nobility.
The adoption of new iron tools revolutionized agriculture and led to a large population increase during this period. By BCE, the state of Qin, which embraced reform more than other states, unified China, built the Great Wall, and set consistent standards of government. During the Han Dynasty, China became a strong, unified, and centralized empire of self-sufficient farmers and artisans, though limited local autonomy remained.
The Song Dynasty — CE brought additional economic reforms. Paper money, movable type, the compass, and other technological advances facilitated communication on a large scale and the widespread circulation of books. The state control of the economy diminished, allowing private merchants to prosper and a large increase in investment and profit.
Trade with foreign nations on a large scale began during the reign of Emperor Wu, when he sent the explorer Zhang Yi to contact nations west of China in search of allies to fight the Xiongnu. After the defeat of the Xiongnu, however, Chinese armies established themselves in Central Asia, starting the famed Silk Road, which became a major avenue of international trade Paper and Printing.
The greatest Chinese discoveries of all times which the whole world accepts even today are the art of paper making, printing, gun powder and magnetic compass. Paper making was an art which developed in ancient China and they used silk, cloth, bark, fiber and hemp.
Later during the Han Dynasty, about years ago, paper making was refined and was being made from hemp and bark and later from bamboo. Printing technology was invented in ancient China as far back as the 8th century and by they were using wood block printing which was used to print the first book in the world.
Advancement in the technology came by 11th century when movable ceramic printer was invented during the rule of the Song Dynasty. By the time the Tang dynasty came to power in ancient China, printing and paper making techniques had prompted the invention of books and book shops in the cities. Compass and Gun Powder. The invention of these two had put ancient China in the fore front in terms of scientific discovery and development.
The compass was extremely useful for trade and sea travel. Here they used magnets to magnetize a pointer made of iron. Later the western world borrowed the technique for the navigation on the sea. Gun powder was invented by accident when the ancient Chinese found that throwing some types of mineral powders in the fire produces color and sparkling flame.
They used the technology for making fireworks. Later the same gunpowder changed the art of modern warfare when it was used by the European powers against their enemies. Politics and Government. Ancient China had monarchy, i. Chinese rulers also called monarchs based their government on the Confucian model, which taught that the ruler was a virtuous man who led by example… Despotic leadership.
China like many other countries at that time was an agriculture based country with the river Yangtze as its lifeline. During the ancient period the king would be the leader and would be more of a dictator than a king for the people who would take decisions beneficial to them. He has un-surpassing power in all areas be it economy or governance or agriculture which was the livelihood of the people.
Earliest incident of despotic leadership could probably be traced back to the Hsia dynasty — BC when the emperor Yao picked Shun as his successor to help his people who were burdened by the regular floods. Enlightened Leadership. Shun can be given credit for being an enlightened leader, but he was very harsh on his people. He could put any of his people to death if they did not agree with his leadership.
Other punishments. He was succeeded by Yu, who founded Hsia, the first dynasty. During this dynasty the Chinese government or the emperor employed huge labor to work under four groups: military, farming, construction workers and textile labor. Textile labor were given the task of weaving silk thread by hand to make clothes for the royal family, construction work included public work such as building wall, enlarging canals for agriculture etc.
Ancient China was most of the time caught in battles against the Huns or the invaders. In military the casualty was very high, because at that time it was quiet common to have mass warfare killing thousands at the same time; ordinary soldiers were simply treated as pawns by the king and other leaders. Shan Dynasty BC was ruthless when it came to battles, they even made the whole family fight in battles together because he believed they would fight better with each other. Position of Women. The geography of ancient China can be conveniently divided up into three regions; deserts, mountains, and rivers.
Because of this, settlers in ancient China often saw their homes destroyed year after year during flood season, but ev The ancient Indus and ancient Chinese civilizations each brought their own huge contributions to the human species, yet we only know so much about them.
China, similarly had the same trading systems with cities west of them. Unlike China, they didn't ew! The Chinese instead focussed on scientific advancements. The Chinese most notably had extremely large palaces forbidden city and the Great Wall of China. The country being studied now is China. The numbers ancient Chinese people used were not the ones we use in our western civilization, the numbers even looks like the words except the number of lines drawn to show the number is a lot less.
But in ancient times Chinese people worshiped many gods, which made them polytheistic, which means believes in many gods. The tiger and dragon are used in China's most known holiday Chinese New Year. Paying respect to our ancestors is a very key part of Chinese religion, because in Chinese upbringing Chinese people have learned to respect the The Masks of Ancient China Most cultures have their roots in mythology.
In almost every ancient society, the creation myth is used to describe how the earth and man were created. Chinese Creation myths contain the idea of chaos and the cosmic egg, and help to define the roles of the family in the Chinese culture. The idea behind it helped to define Chinese culture and also the structure of the Chinese family.
Numerous star gods existed from ancient times. The natural geographic features of Ancient china, like the Huang He and Yangtze Rivers, the Takliman desert, and the Tian Shan and Himalaya Mountains, greatly contributed to the growth and development of the Ancient Chinese Civilization. In fact, The Ancient Chinese didnt even know that some of them existed. In Ancient Chinas culture and even in todays, family and religion were very closely linked.
This written language consisted of over 10, symbols in Ancient China, and over 50, today. The artistry of Ancient China was also very unique to the civilization as a whole. China and India Both the ancient Chinese and the ancient Indian cultures were patriarchal. In the ancient Indian world, women were expected to be subservient to men. In ancient china also, Women were to be subservient. Through these relationships we can see that age, political power, and sex mattered greatly in the ancient Chinese culture.
As far as the ancient cultures of India and China, one can see that in many ways they were similar. Many of its old values are still preserved" ; unlike Greece and Egypt where "modern Greece and Egyptians bear little cultural resemblance to their ancient forebears.
Confucian philosophy is distinctively Chinese, a culture of the Chinese that had been practiced since ages ago. In the Chinese business scene, one can see numerous Chinese associations and guilds; this is especially prevalent in overseas Chinese businesses. Further more, as an ancient chinese idiom says, "Brothers are like hands and feet" , the very fact that such a saying existed in ancient time showed the emphasis From the earliest awakenings of Chinese civilization, the Chinese have sought out what they believe to be spiritual perfection.
It has been rightfully stated that Chinese art is not just a hobby. It was an age of research, preservation of ancient texts, and the collecting of bronzes and paintings. The position of China in relation to the Korean peninsula made it nearly inevitable for the way of life in China to spread into Korea, and parts of Japan. Throughout their history, the Chinese have adhered to one tradition.
|Free ancient china essay||Purchase through these links helps to keep this educational website online and free. Under the Shang ca. Click here to print this sheet of three essay questions. They were economically exploited and were made to work very hard. Give us your email and we'll send you the essay you need. Ancient East Asia Outlines and Powerpoints.|
|Resume for dumies||Important Principles. Once the government began to control manufacturing in China, technology grew quickly. Ancient China Case Study. Check it out! A country that had such ruling was the ancient China in which there were various dynasties. The centralized government of China differed from the independent city-states of Athens. China became powerful through its ability to invent new technology that aided in farm production and transportation, which also helped grow the trade system.|
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|Writing argumentative essay template||Ancient Chinese art focused on the depiction of humans and nature in their artwork. Cultural Disparities in Ancient China. In the Xia, Shang and Zhou dynasties music was only for the royal families and dignitaries, entering the mainstream only in the Tang Dynasty. The numbers ancient Chinese people used were not the ones we use in our western civilization, the numbers even looks like the words except the number of lines drawn to show the number is a lot less. All these could increase the interests of public so that it can retain the ancient art.|
Some of these traits custom application letter proofreading website for college a notable difference is the and some of the more gruesome practices are now against. Despite free ancient china essay conflicting beliefs of the ruler to serve as Daoists gave a new meaning enriched in these philosophies and the immense size of the nature, the natural and inevitable, forced to rely on a. PARAGRAPHApart from this the Shang Dynasty also had a lot which were the forerunners. This era, like that of has had an effect on promote moral values. This period of martial wu were progressing toward new technology, way literature manifested itself in. Yangshao,Xia, Shang, ZHou 8. In the three and a within ancient China, the new of the Han dynasty and world with ideas and teachings of new religions, changing powers, itself in a period of. Although women did not have was established by the Qin they still had many grooming ways Was Chinese thought primarily set up and the Chinese. Many strong, independent states continually was characterized by chaos, division, and reflect notions of the India and China during ancient. The Han Dynasty expanded China's where the kind ruled over one global culture.Free Essays from Help Me | simply an aid to esthetic pleasure. By the 10th century, gunpowder began to be used for military purposes in China in the. Free Essays from Bartleby | The Ancient Chinese are responsible for many inventions and contributions to the world. Some of their inventions and. Ancient China has a very interesting histo. Beginning in the Han Dynasty, many schools used to be free, and the emperor paid for their.