urbanization essay

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Urbanization essay

The term is Unplanned Urbanization Essay defined as the level of population concentration in urban areas. People living in rural areas are faced with unpredictable. Remedy to fix issues of urbanization in India. How to Create the Perfect Thesis Statement with Examples Unplanned Urbanization Essay, modicare business plan , best way to start a job application letter, rhetorical analysis essay ap language rubric.

Urbanisation encourages social integration when people work and live together. World Bank b presents that gases or large quantities of carbon dioxide can be released to the air by industries and vehicles which make from the urbanization Urbanisation has many different definitions.

Urbanization has seen a significant increase over the years because of persons. On this page, we look at two terms that are often misunderstood — urbanization and urban growth, and explain both in relation to natural increase. Urbanization refers to the movement of the population from rural areas to urban areas. In most countries the percentage of the total population living in urban areas is increasing.

Urbanization is a process where people move from rural unplanned urbanization essay areas to urban areas to seek higher standards of living. Urbanization is a transformation of rural life to urban life.

Concept of urbanization and its impact. Urbanization is a big part of the modern world, without it, we would all be lost. If you are an urban dweller, you may know the real meaning of urbanization. Antiti Urbanization TN 40 Urbanization refers to the growth of towns and cities, often at the expense of rural areas, as people move to urban centres in search of jobs and what they hope will be a better life.

Unplanned and Haphazard Urbanization. This leads to crowding and development of slums. Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Although urbanization has become an irreversible phenomenon, some have argued that to resolve the problems of the city, we must tackle the root causes of the problem, such as improving the socio-economic situation of the urban poor.

Until the conditions in rural areas improve, populations will continue to migrate to urban settings. Given the challenges that rural development poses, the root causes are unlikely to be addressed in the near future. Therefore, governments and development agencies should concentrate on adapting to the challenges of urbanization, while seeking to reduce unplanned urbanization. United Nations. World urbanization prospects. New York; McMichael AJ. The urban environment and health in a world of increasing globalization: issues for developing countries.

Bulletin of the World Health Organization. Urbanisation and infectious diseases in a globalised world. The Lancet infectious diseases. Harpham T, Stephens C. Urbanization and health in developing countries. World health statistics quarterly Rapport trimestriel de statistiques sanitaires mondiales.

Global urbanization and impact on health. Int J hygiene and environmental health. Kennedy G. Food security in the context of urban sub-Saharan Africa. Internet paper for food security, food Africa, internet forum 31 March—11 April ; World Health Organization. Obesity: preventing and managing the global epidemic: World Health Organization; Accessed 4 Aug Nour NN.

Obesity in resource-poor nations. Reviews in obstetrics and gynecology. Tomkins A, Watson F. Malnutrition and infection: a review. Nutrition Policy Discussion Paper. Schaible UE, Stefan H. Malnutrition and infection: complex mechanisms and global impacts. PLoS medicine. Dietary pattern, nutrient intake and growth of adolescent school girls in urban Bangladesh. Public health nutrition.

Obesity and Overweight. World Health Organization, Geneva Fact sheet no ; Why is the developed world obese? Annual review of public health. The impact of activity based working ABW on workplace activity, eating behaviours, productivity, and satisfaction. International journal of environmental research and public health. Urban—rural disparities in energy intake and contribution of fat and animal source foods in Chinese children aged 4—17 years.

Geveva: World Health Organization; Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Risk factors to health. World Health Organization releases country estimates on air pollution exposure and health impact. Geneva: World Health Organization; Megacities sustainable development and waste management in the 21st century.

World Congress; Rapid urbanization and mega cities: The need for spatial information management. Research study by FIG commission. Road traffic related mortality in Vietnam: evidence for policy from a national sample mortality surveillance system. BMC public health. Abebe T. Young people: Participation and sustainable development in an urbanizing world: Un-Habitat; Download references. You can also search for this author in PubMed Google Scholar.

MAK planned the study, analyzed, and prepared the manuscript. ET and EM helped in the preparation of the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript. Correspondence to Md Abdul Kuddus. Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Reprints and Permissions. Kuddus, M. Urbanization: a problem for the rich and the poor?. Public Health Rev 41, 1

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The problems faced by the poor spill over to other city dwellers. Some of the major health problems resulting from urbanization include poor nutrition, pollution-related health conditions and communicable diseases, poor sanitation and housing conditions, and related health conditions. These have direct impacts on individual quality of life, while straining public health systems and resources [ 6 ]. Urbanization has a major negative impact on the nutritional health of poor populations.

Because they have limited financial resources and the cost of food is higher in cities, the urban poor lack nutritious diets and this leads to illness, which contributes to loss of appetite and poor absorption of nutrients among those affected. Furthermore, environmental contamination also contributes to undernutrition; street food is often prepared in unhygienic conditions, leading to outbreaks of food-borne illnesses e. Urban dwellers also suffer from overnutrition and obesity, a growing global public health problem.

Obesity and other lifestyle conditions contribute to chronic diseases such as cancers, diabetes, and heart diseases. Although obesity is most common among the wealthy, international agencies have noted the emergence of increased weight among the middle class and poor in recent years [ 7 ]. Populations in poor nations that suffer from protein-energy malnutrition [ 8 ] have increased susceptibility to infection [ 9 ] through the impact of micronutrient deficiency on immune system development and function [ 10 ].

At the same time, the World Health Organization is concerned that there is an emerging pandemic of obesity in poor countries that leads to non-communicable diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer, hypertension, and stroke [ 12 ]. Obesity is caused by increased caloric intake and decreased physical activity [ 13 ], something historically associated with wealth. However, people in urbanized areas of developing countries are also now vulnerable to obesity due to lack of physical space, continually sitting in workplaces, and excessive energy intake and low energy expenditure.

In these areas, infrastructure is often lacking, including sufficient space for recreational activities. Further, in developing countries, as in developed countries, large employers frequently place head offices in urban capitals and work is increasingly sedentary in nature [ 14 ]. Another culprit associated with the risk of developing obesity is the change in food intake that has led to the so-called nutrition transition increased the consumption of animal-source foods, sugar, fats and oils, refined grains, and processed foods in urban areas.

For instance, in China, dietary patterns have changed concomitantly with urbanization in the past 30 years, leading to increased obesity [ 15 ]. In , the World Health Organization estimated that more than million adults were affected, the majority in developed and highly urbanized countries [ 16 ].

Since then, the prevalence of obesity has increased. Pollution is another major contributor to poor health in urban environments. For instance, the World Health Organization estimated that 6. Poor nutrition and pollution both contribute to a third major challenge for urban populations: communicable diseases. The poor live in congested conditions, near open sewers and stagnant water, and are therefore constantly exposed to unhealthy waste [ 6 ].

Inadequate sanitation can lead to the transmission of helminths and other intestinal parasites. Pollution e. In addition to human-to-human transmission, animals and insects serve as efficient vectors for diseases within urban settings and do not discriminate between the rich and poor. The prevalence and impact of communicable diseases in urban settings, such as tuberculosis TB , malaria, cholera, dengue, and others, is well established and of global concern.

National and international researchers and policy makers have explored various strategies to address such problems, yet the problems remain. For example, research on solutions for megacities has been ongoing since the early s [ 19 , 20 ]. These studies have concluded that pollution, unreliable electricity, and non-functioning infrastructure are priority initiatives; nevertheless, air pollution, quality of water in cities, congestion, disaster management issues, and infrastructure are not being systematically addressed [ 19 , 20 ].

The impact of inner city transportation on health, such as road traffic, is emerging as a serious problem. Statistics show that a minimum of 10 people die every day on the railways in the city of Mumbai, India [ 21 ]. Vietnam is another example of a country that has seen a remarkable increase in road traffic accidents [ 22 ]. Vietnam reportedly has a population of 95 million and more than 18 million motorbikes on its roads.

A deliberate policy is needed to reduce accidents [ 21 ]. Although urbanization has become an irreversible phenomenon, some have argued that to resolve the problems of the city, we must tackle the root causes of the problem, such as improving the socio-economic situation of the urban poor.

Until the conditions in rural areas improve, populations will continue to migrate to urban settings. Given the challenges that rural development poses, the root causes are unlikely to be addressed in the near future. Therefore, governments and development agencies should concentrate on adapting to the challenges of urbanization, while seeking to reduce unplanned urbanization. United Nations. World urbanization prospects. New York; McMichael AJ. The urban environment and health in a world of increasing globalization: issues for developing countries.

Bulletin of the World Health Organization. Urbanisation and infectious diseases in a globalised world. The Lancet infectious diseases. Harpham T, Stephens C. Urbanization and health in developing countries. World health statistics quarterly Rapport trimestriel de statistiques sanitaires mondiales. Global urbanization and impact on health. Int J hygiene and environmental health.

Kennedy G. Food security in the context of urban sub-Saharan Africa. Internet paper for food security, food Africa, internet forum 31 March—11 April ; World Health Organization. Obesity: preventing and managing the global epidemic: World Health Organization; Accessed 4 Aug Nour NN. Obesity in resource-poor nations. Reviews in obstetrics and gynecology. Tomkins A, Watson F. Malnutrition and infection: a review. Nutrition Policy Discussion Paper. Schaible UE, Stefan H. Furthermore, urbanization is quite a popular trend in the contemporary world Causes and Effects of Uncontrolled Urbanization.

Greater Employment Possibilities. Figure 2: An urban plan with planned housing of 2. For example: … Continue reading "Urban growth and urbanization". Urbanization affects birds on different environmental scales Alberti et al. Keep in mind when answering assignments. Rise in slum settlements in India is a striking feature. Essay on Pollution due to Urbanization — Essay 1 words Our mother earth is choking and we are helpless.

Istanbul has been caught unplanned and just like other countries with rapid urbanization; it is experiencing the same problems of slum dwellings and inadequate water supplies. Urbanization process can be seen everywhere in the world, with different speed and timing.

Unlike other parts of the underdeveloped world, Caribbean societies are unique in having been created by European economic and strategic needs. Urbanisation in India is unplanned and random. Urbanization can refer to the process by which towns and cities are formed and become larger as more and more people begin living and working in central areas. Urbanization is a process of change, which leads to the emergence and development of a human settlement with an ecological milieu and a style of life that marks a shift away from tribal and rural settlement and lifestyle.

Deep learning cover letter, essay unplanned urbanization , : at the territory, population and landscape level. Advantages and disadvantages of urbanization essay services to selected groups to support industrial and capitalist expansion when the capitalist sector started to expand Urbanization, or rather, unplanned urbanization has led to the creation of several problems. The term is Unplanned Urbanization Essay defined as the level of population concentration in urban areas.

People living in rural areas are faced with unpredictable. Remedy to fix issues of urbanization in India. How to Create the Perfect Thesis Statement with Examples Unplanned Urbanization Essay, modicare business plan , best way to start a job application letter, rhetorical analysis essay ap language rubric.

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In modern times, development of marketing institutions and methods of trade have significantly contributed to Urbanization. There are better commercial opportunities and returns in urban areas than in rural areas. As a result, people are tempted to urban areas. There are several social benefits in urban areas compared to rural areas like better education, better health care, transport, sanitation and social status.

Better recreational facilities are available such as play grounds, theatres, parks and clubs. Thus, people move to urban areas for enjoying the benefits of modern lifestyle. In rural areas people mainly have to depend on agricultural sector for their living whereas in the urban areas there are several employment opportunities in various sectors such as education, health care, transport, banking, media, television and sports to name a few.

Agricultural sector mainly depends on monsoon. In times of natural calamities and drought, people have to migrate to urban areas in search of employment. With modern farming technology manpower needed in farming sector is decreased leading to Urbanization. Urban areas are characterized by new technology, infrastructural development, better health care and medical facilities, liberalization and better standard of living. This induces people from backward and rural areas to move to urban areas.

The management of administration is also responsible for Urbanization. The government has not maintained the rapidity with city growth in terms of infrastructure management or spatial. As compared to rural areas there are better education facilities available in urban areas. The schools and colleges providing professional education are all located in urban areas. Thus young girls and boys either alone or with their families shift to urban areas to seek quality education.

Poverty and economic degradation are the major problems rising with Urbanization that need serious attention. Planning and investment in sustainable industries, eco-friendly infrastructure and eco-friendly technology is essential. Encouraging the use of eco-friendly products and technology among the masses is vital. Creating more and more job opportunities and equality will help fight poverty.

Increase in the volume of total population in urban areas is called Urbanization. Rising population in urban areas creates rise in the demand of basic amenities such as food, health, transport and shelter in such areas. This contributes to the development of land for housing, economic support institutions, commercialization, transport and so on.

Overcrowding means over population in the urban areas due to migration. Cities where the population is rising every single day are getting overcrowded. This is the current situation in all the big cities in India. Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore, Delhi are some of the examples of overcrowded cities. When the population increases, the demand for housing also increases.

The factors that are mainly responsible for the lack of housing facilities are lack of financial resources, poverty and unemployment. The chief cause of unemployment is over population in the urban areas due to migration of people from rural locations to these areas. The growth in economic opportunities fails to keep pace with growth in urban population. The unplanned growth in the urban areas is growing the spread of slums.

Rise in slum settlements in India is a striking feature. Urbanization, poverty and overpopulation, has increased the growth of slums as high rate of land and property in urban areas is beyond the reach of rural migrants and urban poor. Large use of vehicles for transport has increased traffic congestion making the movement slow and difficult.

With the rise in urban population there is rise in poverty and unemployment. Due to poverty there is rise in crimes like theft, pick pocketing, cheating and murders. Urbanization is a major cause of air pollution and global warming. Industries release greenhouse gases causing rise in the temperature of the earth and creating air pollution. Larger use of vehicles release gases by fuel combustion.

Large amount of garbage from the landfills is burnt causing air pollution. Water is the most important element of nature to sustain life. Due to overcrowding in the cities the supply of water is falling short compared to the demand. As the number of citizens grow in urban areas the problem of trash disposal rises. The large quantity of garbage in the cities increases severe health issues. In most of the areas in cities there is no garbage disposal facility.

When the landfills get full innumerable poisons leak around its surroundings, inviting diseases, like malaria, diarrhoea, typhoid, etc. Air travel also carries bacteria from one person to another spreading disease even more.

The chief reason of Urbanization is the migration of people from rural areas to urban areas in search of employment opportunities. Developing agricultural and rural industries will provide employment opportunities in rural areas.

Construction of roads, buildings, hospitals, parks, educational centres, etc. This will help rural people get better education and health care locally and also provide more job opportunities. Government should develop transport networks and related infrastructure. Industrial and private sector development in rural areas is necessary. The focus of government should be nationwide Urbanization. Planning and investment in Urbanization of rural areas is essential. Over population is also a chief cause for Urbanization.

Educating people about family planning and creating awareness among the rural communities is crucial. One of the major problems of Urbanization rapidly rising is global warming. Use of renewable energy sources like solar energy, wind energy, hydropower should be encouraged. Investments in energy efficient industries and technologies will lead to clean economy. Reforestation instead of deforestation should be promoted. Urbanization is on a rapid increase in our country. While it is good that our country is progressing and that more and more people want to lead a modern life, get better education and good employment opportunities, Urbanization can have negative repercussions as well.

It is thus essential to control Urbanization. This movement not only caused more people in the urban areas, but a huge influx of people,mainly immigrants, into the cities. Due to that, many discrepancies were made in how society worked in the time, which led to people having to adapt into the new way of life that they were….

Also known as the urbanization process, this situation is defined by the unprecedented rural population shift to the cities which stems from the Modern period as a result of the Industrial Revolution. However, the key aspect is the universal nature of the issue which has effect on an exceptional transformation in a global scale but on a drastically impact in the social, economic, cultural and political patterns. Therefore, this it has been related to…. Urbanization is a major part of the cutting edge world, without it, we would all be lost.

While nations are developing at a quick rate, the once "old" urban communities of the past are growing onto already un-involved grounds and even in some cases making new towns and urban areas. Rural areas of urban areas spring up everywhere throughout the world constantly, and populaces develop with them. Real territories or urban communities of nations are generally center points of monetary criticalness,…. In the past trees were mostly a resource to be cut down and used to build, but today with global pollution rising, they are more important than ever to combat rising CO2 levels.

Forests are being knocked down to make way for suburbs and cities, but still trees find a new home amidst the urbanization. Topics to be considered in urban tree growth are effects of trees on society, the rate of…. Employment opportunity, prosperity and other factors are the main reason why people start to move to Cities. Nowadays, a half of the world population is already residing in urban areas.

Urbanization is a word for becoming a city. It also means people shifting from rural to urban areas. Urbanization happens in all over places in the world, and it brings both positive and negative effects to societies.

Urbanization has…. Home Flashcards Create Flashcards Essays. Essays Essays FlashCards. Browse Essays. Sign in. Home Page Urbanization Essay. Page 1 of 50 - About Essays. Limitation Of Urbanization "urban development," trailed by adjustment or subsidence of the procedure, can or will be come to is not known.

Read More. Words: - Pages: 5. Importance Of Urbanization 4. Cultural Challenges In Urbanization Urbanization is a complex spatial process that converts rural land uses to urban uses, and causes various impacts on ecosystem structures, function, dynamics, and the livelihoods of human beings.