road safety in india essay

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Road safety in india essay

Hence we have written this essay on Road Safety just for you. In this article, we have given you all the necessary information regarding the road safety in India, its challenges, remedial actions, and how its an individual as well as a social responsibility to follow traffic rules and road safety measure to ensure the safety of themselves as well as other.

In ancient times, there were no resources for travelling. Later, man invented the wheel for increasing the speed of human life. Rather than walking, they used bullock carts, horse carts for travelling which decreased the efforts of man and increased the speed to reach any place. Next invention was the engine which reduced the time to travel extremely. The combination of engine and wheels resulted in a vehicle. Vehicles play a major role in our lives.

They reduce the time needed for many works such as travelling and transportation of goods etc. Mainly vehicles are used for travelling. There are several types of vehicles like bikes, cars, buses, etc. Today there are many ways of transportation by road, by air, by water, by rail, etc. Road travelling is easy and convenient for us but as every coin has two sides, there are many drawbacks of road travelling. Today Road Safety has become a necessity in India.

The major disadvantage of roads are accidents, which can hurt or cause the death of a person. The statistics of accidents in India is increasing. In , over 1,37, people were killed due to road accidents in India. In , there were , accidents which were more than in As this ratio is increasing rapidly, it is surveyed that there is one death every four minutes due to road accidents in our country.

This is the statistic surveyed in previous years. Now the question arises, why does this ratio of accidents is increasing so rapidly? There are many reasons for these accidents. The age group of people who die in road accidents is Most people in our country do not follow traffic rules.

They do not use safety measures like a helmet, seat belts for their own safety. Youngsters, youth are mostly seen to be over-speeding the vehicles. But somewhere they are forgetting that these are the main reasons that cause accidents. Have you ever thought of why and how do accidents happen? There are many reasons for these daily accidents. Following are some of them.

Accidents happen because of our mistakes but there are many other reasons too. Many times the road infrastructure is not maintained properly in our country, this is another main reason for causing accidents. Many times people try to dodge the puddles on road, these puddles get filled with water when it rains and drivers fail to predict the depth of them which causes an accident.

Missing road signs such as speed breakers, narrow roads, school ahead, etc. No warning signs and safety barricades at the accident-prone areas can also result in accidents. This happens many times in India, and because of the poor infrastructure of roads, people lose their lives.

It is very easy to get a driving license in our country, which approves people who are not properly trained for driving. Nowadays the government is taking steps to improve the process of getting a driving license. Now the candidate has to first pass a written exam about road signs and safety measures, traffic rules to get a learning license. It also requires that you are trained in a driving school. The permanent driving license process is also made strict.

While buying a car, people in India focus more on fuel efficiency and performance instead of safety. In other countries, it is mandatory to provide airbags in every car when you are manufacturing it but in India, a person needs to pay more money to get airbags safety facility in the car.

They are more focused on earning profits. The rapidly growing population of India is causing many problems for the people. The rising population results in the lower supply of resources. The number of vehicles on the road is increasing rapidly. There is no space to travel in public transports. Roads are being overcrowded with people and vehicles.

This is a very big problem which challenging road safety. Sadly there is no much road safety awareness and education amongst the drivers as well as pedestrians in India. Road safety does not concern many people. They do not follow the traffic rules and are usually found violating the traffic rules.

Children and youth are not given necessary road safety education by the parents as parents themselves are not aware of the importance of road safety. Corruption in India is also one of the major challenges which are hindering the goals of developing a road safety culture.

People violate the traffic rules and bribe the traffic police to get away from legal action. Sometimes the corrupt traffic police officers also demand bribes to make things go away and the person is most likely to bribe them. To reduce the corruption government has issued electronic payments systems to pay the fine and a receipt for your fine payment is generated then and there hence eliminating the physical handling of money and the money goes where it supposed to be.

Road safety is the responsibility of everyone such as pedestrians, drivers, biker, and government. Road safety has gained more significance due to the increasing number of vehicles on roads. If we follow the road safety rules properly, many accidents can be prevented.

Wearing helmets, riding vehicles within the appropriate speed limits, and using seat belts are some essential things that everyone should remember. Even the kids in schools are taught the basic rules of road safety, such as understanding the traffic lights and walking on the zebra lines or on the left side of the road.

We should never use cell phones while crossing the road. Practicing the road safety rules is for our own benefit. After all, God has given us this precious gift of life. We must protect it by all means and not make any reckless decision to ruin it. Road safety refers to the procedures for ensuring safety on our roads. Road users refer to vehicle owners, motorcyclists, commercial vehicles and pedestrians. Lots of lives have been lost and families have been destroyed because of road mishaps.

Some of these unfortunate incidents could have been prevented or stopped with proper safety precautions. This article explains how we can stop this menace. To minimize common road accidents like car crashes, there are several precautionary road safety steps that can be taken. Make sure that you always wear seat belts when children are in car seats. Also, more importantly, do not get behind any wheel unless you are licensed by your country as fit enough to drive. Distractions are dangerous while driving and have led to the loss of lives.

Hence, speaking on the phone while driving should be prohibited. Health care facilities should be close to roads at different sections and should be sufficiently equipped. These are to aid in providing excellent medical care to road victims. While the above-mentioned rules are specific, there are some general rules to keep in mind when driving or using public roads in general.

It is important to sensitize the general public about the importance of road safety. This will further help create awareness and reduce accident rates and road mishaps. This can be done through seminars and education of children about the rules guiding road safety and consequences of flouting it.

With the increasing road network, increasing number of vehicles, increasing traffic mess and increasing vehicle speeds, it is very important. Road accidents have become common — everyday media is filled with new road accidents — and fatalities are very high. It is estimated that around 1 million people die each year in road accidents. Pedestrians, cycle riders, bike riders, car and other vehicle users throng the roads daily for everyday chores that puts their lives to risk.

Road safety refers to all efforts to prevent the road accidents and protect the road users from getting injured or killed. The key goal of road safety measures is to minimize the accidents of all kinds. There are many types of signs for road safety on the roads such as prohibitory, warning, service, information, direction, electric lines, repair work, hospital, school, and so on. Signage also include welcome, express way, freeway, route, street name, toll, road condition, speed limits and cultural signs.

The signals, manual or automated, are also used on the roads to control traffic and pedestrians movement for the safety of all. In addition, efforts shall be made for safe road designs, road condition maintenance, safe driving skills, safe vehicle designs and safety gadgets in vehicles to prevent accidents. The safety of people and resources while on road is what road safety is all about.

This may sound like a small subject but it is surprising that we see so many road-related deaths every day in different parts of our country. There are many factors which attribute to this high rate of deaths from not following the rules to ignorance about the importance of road safety.

While travelling on roads whether on foot or by using vehicles of our choice we often tend to be very casual in obeying the laws of the land. That is why perhaps so many lives are lost just because of our casual attitude towards road safety. On an average, more than people die of road related accidents in India every year. In fact on a daily basis around 16 children lose their lives on roads in our country.

Laws controlling the movement out and about are given under the Motor Vehicles Act, which is an Act passed by the Parliament of India which came into power from July 1, , and is applicable to all states of India. Even in the year , India has such enactments in place, however, the casual behaviour of the people has always led to the ignorance of these laws leading to frequent violations and casualties. It is not essential that only the people who have obtained a driving license should be aware of the traffic rules.

This is applicable to all the citizens of the country who travel on roads by any means. For instance, we should all know the major road signs and what they mean. Similarly, people walking on foot should always walk on the left side of the road. Moreover, you should be attentive when walking on the road or driving a vehicle. That is why it is always advised that while on road we should keep our mobile phones as well as headphones away and pay attention to the horns of the vehicles instead.

Similarly, talking over phone while driving is a common sign on the roads in India despite the fact that it is a punishable offence. Farming of laws is not sufficient enough to ensure road safety. We must follow them judiciously as well in order to ensure safety for us as well as others.

Road safety is the measure taken by the government to reduce the accidents and deaths caused by road negligence. Nowadays, harsh driving and careless walking on roads have caused many life-threatening accidents to take place. To avoid such fates it is important to follow certain rules while you step out on a public road.

The vehicles should travel on the left side of the road giving way to the vehicles coming from the opposite side. While in a turn or bend of the road the drivers should slow down the vehicle for smooth travel and avoid harsh turns.

Areas like schools and other crowded places are to be passed carefully to avoid crashing on any pedestrians. Drivers of two-wheelers should wear high-quality helmets so that even when an accident takes place they can be protected from serious injuries. Those traveling on four-wheelers should wear seat belts without any fail so that they can be saved from harsh crashes even if an accident occurs.

A fixed and considerable distance should be maintained between each vehicle traveling on the road to avoid crashing on the other in case of a sudden breakdown. Study the road safety rules carefully and see for instructions and signs on the road for smooth driving. Pedestrians should follow all the road crossing rules like using the zebra line, following the signals, etc.

These are some of the basic rules to be followed while traveling. Following these safety rules will help to prevent and protect you from most of the accidents caused due to carelessness and hence ensures road safety. Proper awareness and education about road safety and rules will help a lot in this case. People who cross the roads in most of the odd times and those who exceed the speed limits or overtake in busy areas should be made aware of the situation where all their lives are at serious threat hurrying to reach the destiny.

This awareness can be spread through seminars, workshops, awareness programs, etc. In most cases, students and teenagers are those who tend to break the rules and risk their lives. It is important to educate them about road safety and the precautions to be taken. The best way to make this happen is by adding a road safety topic in their study syllabus and starting from the basics. Defensive driving techniques should be compulsorily taught to all those who get their driving license so that they can be aware and handle difficult situations.

Understanding road signs are the basics everyone should be known, whether the driver or a person walking on the road. Following the road safety measures will not only benefit your life but also the life of others who walk or travel with you. Slow and steady wins the race. The same can be told in case of road travels. Slow and controlled traveling will help you to reach your place more safely than speeding and risking your life.

Get proper knowledge on road safety before starting your outdoor travel or even a walk. Road safety is one of the issues that is never stressed enough and this is the main cause why lives of people get endangered on the road really fast. Being cautious on the road is a trait that every driver has to learn before they step behind the wheel of the car.

Most of us know the road safety procedures and rules and when we drive, we respect the lives of others as we do for our own but sometimes there are reckless drivers that we can do little against. Some findings and figures about road safety can help us understand what exactly makes this issue so important for public safety. Every year more than one million people die because of lack of the knowledge about road safety which causes car accidents and up to fifty million people that are involved end up injured or disabled.

One of the major road safety issues are the lives of pedestrians, cyclists and motorcyclist that get endangered in half of the car crashes. Even though wearing a helmet is not intended for car drivers it is still an important road safety rule, that is this rule is meant for the other drivers on the road like cyclists and bike drivers. The facts about road safety tells it all and we can do a lot to make driving a much safer occupation.

The reasons why road safety is so important are multiple, first of all, it will save human lives. Secondly, it can reduce the amount of public spending related to road safety issues. The other thing that we can do to improve road safety is to use simple engineering methods in the design of the roads, that will make people more aware when they drive and more conscious of their mistakes. Such solutions are low in cost and very efficient and many countries have invested in their implementation.

Basically, the best thing we can do is to be informed about driving rules and to follow them throughout, no matter what the situation is. Once we do get on the road, we have to be responsible and through that, we can ensure the safety of others. Road safety is important for all drivers and the evidence that we should make a bigger effort to make traffic safe for all is compelling. The answer to this problem is in all our hands, every time we sit behind the wheel and start driving.

Road accidents happen every day. The emphasis on road safety has been made to ensure that the number of road accidents reduce. Road accidents are fatal and have far much more consequences. Road safety involves methods of preventing injuries for pedestrians, motorists, cyclists and everyone else that uses the road.

The global statistics on road safety reveals that approximately people die from road traffic accidents in India annually. On road, the people mostly affected by traffic accidents are pedestrians, motorists and cyclists.

Introduction to Traffic Regulation 2.

Road safety in india essay Custom research paper proofreading site uk
Virgin australia business plan Signal indications are clear even under unfavourable weather conditions and at night. The other thing that we can do to improve road safety is to use simple engineering methods in the design of the roads, that will make people more aware when they drive and more conscious of their mistakes. Introduction to Traffic Regulation 2. There are many other reasons for the increasing number of road accidents in the country such as the poor conditions of roads, reckless driving by unlicensed drivers, the sudden arrival of stray animals on the roads, narrow roads, violation of red light, intoxication. Buses, cars, limousines, rickshaws, and bullock carts run simultaneously on national, state and link roads. India has launched satellites from different countries in space, including two Nano satellites from the Indian Space and Research Organization ISROwhich will work for India's latest and most advanced communications system. Parents should educate their children and encourage them to obey the traffic rules.
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Road safety in india essay 288
Road safety in india essay Later, man invented the wheel for increasing the speed of human life. Driver should check the brake system properly and well aware of the warning signs of failing brakes. Sadly there is no much road safety awareness and education amongst the drivers as well as pedestrians in India. Most deaths in India are caused by road accidents kill the youth. Such truck stops can be set up at least every two hundred kilometers on national roads.
Road safety in india essay 902

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A flashing red signal indicates that the vehicle stop and proceed with caution depending on the availability of a safe gap in the crossing stream. Flashing amber signal indicates that the vehicle may proceed with caution. A simple signal face with three lenses arranged in a vertical line, attached to a post of suitable height is shown in Fig. The lenses are normally of two sizes — mm and mm diameter. In addition to the simplest signal face Fig. In addition to signal posts adjacent to the carriageway, overhead signal posts at a height of 6.

Detailed specifications for the illumination of signals are available in IS: Regarding location of the traffic signals, it is desirable to provide at least two installations:. A typical layout of signal installations for a two-lane intersection is shown in Fig.

Need for Traffic Signals :. Interruption of continuous traffic flow on the Major Street and undue delay of traffic on the minor street. Orderly traffic flow and increase in traffic capacity of the intersection. Reduction of accidents — right-angled collisions and those involving pedestrians.

Interruption of heavy traffic to assign right of way for pedestrians and slow-moving vehicles. Signal indications are clear even under unfavourable weather conditions and at night. Unwarranted signals encourage the drivers to disobey the signal indications. In case there is a break-down of the system due to power failure or for any other reason, it will lead to chaotic traffic conditions and unnecessary delay, especially during peak hours.

Classification of Traffic Signals Based on Operation :. These signals are set to repeat a cycle of red, amber and green lights regularly, with the timing of each of these phases being predetermined based on the expected traffic at the intersecting roads obtained from the traffic studies. The sum of the durations of the three phases is the cycle length in time units.

These are electrically operated and the simplest type of automatic signals. Fixed-time signals are efficient when traffic patterns are relatively stable for significantly long periods moving to the consistency of repetition of the cycles, and linking with adjacent signals and signal networks is relatively easy. However, this type of signaling system is disadvantageous during off-peak hours since excessive delays occur as the timings of each phase is fixed However, different sequences of the cycles with predetermined phase times can be set by automatic or manual switching.

In this type, detector devices are placed on the carriageway a little ahead of the stop line. As the vehicle approaches, the detector actuates the signal mechanism to flash or extend the green period based on the traffic demands. In a fully traffic-actuated system, detectors are placed on all the legs of the intersection, and the right of way is assigned by a computer programmed in a certain manner to respond to the traffic needs.

In a semi-traffic-actuated system, detectors are placed on the minor roads at the intersection, while the right of way is normally given to the traffic on the major roads. Since these signal systems are expensive, in developing countries traffic police are assigned the duty of varying the phase- and cycle-time of the signals according to traffic demands.

If the individual signal systems along a city thoroughfare with intersections at frequent intervals are co-ordinated such that a vehicle moving along the thoroughfare at normal speed need not have to stop at a very intersection for getting the green indication, it gets a thorough land and there will be minimum delay. This results in increased capacity along the co-ordinated route.

This co-ordination may be achieved by the following systems:. In this system, all the signals along a given road show the same indication at the same time; the phase times and the cycle lengths are all same. This results in simultaneous stoppage of all the traffic along the road and increases the tendency of the drivers to speed up between intersections.

It also causes inconvenience to traffic from side roads trying to enter or cross the traffic on the main road. Thus there will be a significant reduction in road capacity. In this system, consecutive signal installations show contrary indications at a given time. This limits speeding but will result in inefficient handling of traffic at most intersections. Although better than the simultaneous system, it is not suitable when the block lengths are unequal.

Under this system, the different signals along a road display green indications according to a time schedule to permit a reasonably continuous movement of vehicles, although at different speeds in different blocks. The offsets at the installations are determined so as to secure the best possible continuous movement in both the directions. Offset, in this context, means the difference between the starts of green phase at the successive upstream and downstream signals.

It is important in planning a system of co-ordination. Each signal installation may have a different cycle division, which remains fixed throughout the day. Under this system, it is possible to vary the cycle length, cycle division, time schedule and the offset at each of the signal installations automatically with the aid of a master controller.

This results in the best possible movement of the traffic stream at approximately the design speed. This is expensive but is justified in cities where traffic is very heavy. Area Traffic Control :. The multitude of signal installations in an area can cause delays unless their operations are controlled through a master computer. Sensors or detector devices set beneath the carriageway to record the arrival of vehicles from the approach roads.

Cables to transmit the impulses to a master controller or central computer. A master controller with pre-programmed signal cycle plans, to minimise vehicle delays at intersections. Area traffic control is successfully practised in metros and big cities. In this category, there are several traffic control aids like delineators, which are light-retro- reflecting devices for safe night-driving — roadway indicators, hazard markers and object markers.

Under traffic calming devices are speed breakers or humps, rumble strips and crash cushions. A speed control hump is shown in Fig. Also known as transport telematics, these are transport systems that utilise modern information technologies to improve the operation of transportation networks. Information technology has been successfully applied for acquiring large volumes of data on travel patterns, volumes, speeds, load carried and a host of other information in a city, processing and applying the results to guide traffic, enhance road safety, reduce transport costs, and improve traffic operations.

Monitoring traffic flow, providing information to drivers on traffic congestion, alternative routes, speeds to be observed, road closures and weather conditions. Providing advanced vehicle control systems AVCS to dispense with human control of vehicles and rely on computers. Using electronic devices for longitudinal and lateral guidance of vehicles. Adjusting signal operations to relieve traffic congestion and improving traffic flow.

Advanced traffic management system ATMS is used for this purpose. Using geographic information systems GIS for public transport management system. Using advanced public transportation system APTS package for optimum utilisation of mass transport systems including light rail, tube rail and other alternative modes of travel.

ITS applications are in the developing stage in India; however, certain systems based on ITS are being used in metropolitan cities. For example, the Mumbai-Pune Expressway has a centralised traffic control system. ITS thus has a lot of potential and is set to play a key role in the efficient operation of future transportation facilities. These are raised constructions within the roadway by means of which traffic may be guided physically along definite paths.

Traffic islands help in segregating fast traffic and slow-moving vehicles, minimising traffic conflicts and conflict areas within an intersection, smoothening traffic flow, and improving traffic safety.

Traffic islands often serve different functions; from this angle, they may be classified as follows:. These are used to separate traffic streams and guide them into definite travel paths to improve traffic safety by reducing conflicts. These are provided on highways of four or more lanes to segregate opposing traffic flows. This automatically prevents head-on collisions. The height should be adequate to prevent vehicles from entering into the islands. They should be long enough to accommodate one-way traffic of the expected capacity, especially near intersections.

These are islands constructed in the middle of pedestrian markings or cross-wall lines; they are specifically meant as refuge for pedestrians who wait to cross the next lane after having crossed one, watching the traffic for a safe opportunity to walk across. These are provided at regular bus stops for the protection of passengers alighting from or boarding buses, before they move away from the carriageway.

This is one of the most popular channelised intersections. Usually they involve cross-roads, or multi-arm intersections. A rotary intersection is invariably signalised; in case it is not, it is called a roundabout. Road travelling is easy and convenient for us but as every coin has two sides, there are many drawbacks of road travelling. Today Road Safety has become a necessity in India. The major disadvantage of roads are accidents, which can hurt or cause the death of a person.

The statistics of accidents in India is increasing. In , over 1,37, people were killed due to road accidents in India. In , there were , accidents which were more than in As this ratio is increasing rapidly, it is surveyed that there is one death every four minutes due to road accidents in our country.

This is the statistic surveyed in previous years. Now the question arises, why does this ratio of accidents is increasing so rapidly? There are many reasons for these accidents. The age group of people who die in road accidents is Most people in our country do not follow traffic rules. They do not use safety measures like a helmet, seat belts for their own safety. Youngsters, youth are mostly seen to be over-speeding the vehicles.

But somewhere they are forgetting that these are the main reasons that cause accidents. Have you ever thought of why and how do accidents happen? There are many reasons for these daily accidents. Following are some of them. Accidents happen because of our mistakes but there are many other reasons too. Many times the road infrastructure is not maintained properly in our country, this is another main reason for causing accidents.

Many times people try to dodge the puddles on road, these puddles get filled with water when it rains and drivers fail to predict the depth of them which causes an accident. Missing road signs such as speed breakers, narrow roads, school ahead, etc. No warning signs and safety barricades at the accident-prone areas can also result in accidents. This happens many times in India, and because of the poor infrastructure of roads, people lose their lives. It is very easy to get a driving license in our country, which approves people who are not properly trained for driving.

Nowadays the government is taking steps to improve the process of getting a driving license. Now the candidate has to first pass a written exam about road signs and safety measures, traffic rules to get a learning license. It also requires that you are trained in a driving school. The permanent driving license process is also made strict. While buying a car, people in India focus more on fuel efficiency and performance instead of safety.

In other countries, it is mandatory to provide airbags in every car when you are manufacturing it but in India, a person needs to pay more money to get airbags safety facility in the car. They are more focused on earning profits. The rapidly growing population of India is causing many problems for the people. The rising population results in the lower supply of resources. The number of vehicles on the road is increasing rapidly. There is no space to travel in public transports.

Roads are being overcrowded with people and vehicles. This is a very big problem which challenging road safety. Sadly there is no much road safety awareness and education amongst the drivers as well as pedestrians in India. Road safety does not concern many people. They do not follow the traffic rules and are usually found violating the traffic rules.

Children and youth are not given necessary road safety education by the parents as parents themselves are not aware of the importance of road safety. Corruption in India is also one of the major challenges which are hindering the goals of developing a road safety culture.

People violate the traffic rules and bribe the traffic police to get away from legal action. Sometimes the corrupt traffic police officers also demand bribes to make things go away and the person is most likely to bribe them. To reduce the corruption government has issued electronic payments systems to pay the fine and a receipt for your fine payment is generated then and there hence eliminating the physical handling of money and the money goes where it supposed to be.

Road safety is the responsibility of everyone such as pedestrians, drivers, biker, and government. If everyone follows the road safety measures and also the government does its work properly then it will reduce the number of accidents happening on the roads. Following are some remedial actions, solutions for road safety by which we can improve road safety and reduce the number of accidents on roads.

If you drive a vehicle on the road or using the roads for transportation, then you are bound to follow the road safety measures to ensure yours as well as other safety. People should be more conscious of all these causes and take care of not creating any problem for themselves and others too. People should follow the traffic rules and drive responsibly as well.

A person should not exceed the speed limit. Avoid overtaking at accident-prone places like blind turns and road bends. Following the driving lanes, not overtaking in the wrong places, give preference to ambulances on road. A person should not exceed the speed limit which will help to avoid accidents and traffic jams. Following the traffic signals will help to avoid traffic jams and accidents as well. We should also follow the speed limit and not overspeeding on the roads. A person should learn proper driving before acquiring the driving license.

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